George Cawardine was a mechanical engineer and inventor of the Anglepoise lamp. It was his experience working with springs in car suspension systems which led him to the idea of a spring-levered task lamp and in 1929 he left his role at the Hortsmann Car Company and focused on the project full time.
The first Anglepoise lamp was launched in 1932 to immediate acclaim and demand soon outpaced Cawardine's ability to supply. As a result, in 1934, Cawardine licensed the product to his spring supplier, Herbert Terry & sons. Initially they put the 4-spring Model 1208 into production but in 1935 Cawardine developed a 3-spring version, the Original 1227, which is still in production today.